kubeadm安装Kubernetes V1.10集群详细文档

作者:xiaotian45123

1:服务器信息以及节点介绍

系统信息:centos1708 minimal    只修改IP地址

主机名称 IP 备注
node01 192.168.150.181 master and etcd
rode02 192.168.150.182 master and etcd
node03 192.168.150.183 master and etcd
node04 192.168.150.184 node
VIP 192.168.150.186

软件版本:

docker17.03.2-ce

socat-1.7.3.2-2.el7.x86_64
kubelet-1.10.0-0.x86_64
kubernetes-cni-0.6.0-0.x86_64
kubectl-1.10.0-0.x86_64
kubeadm-1.10.0-0.x86_64

1:环境初始化

1:分别在4台主机设置主机名称

hostnamectl set-hostname node01
hostnamectl set-hostname node02
hostnamectl set-hostname node03
hostnamectl set-hostname node04

2:配置主机映射

cat <<EOF > /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
::1         localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6
192.168.150.181 node01
192.168.150.182 node02
192.168.150.183 node03
192.168.150.184 node04
EOF

3:node01上执行ssh免密码登陆配置

ssh-keygen  #一路回车即可
ssh-copy-id  node02
ssh-copy-id  node03
ssh-copy-id  node04

4:四台主机配置、停防火墙、关闭Swap、关闭Selinux、设置内核、K8S的yum源、安装依赖包、配置ntp(配置完后建议重启一次)

systemctl stop firewalld
systemctl disable firewalld

swapoff -a 
sed -i 's/.*swap.*/#&/' /etc/fstab

setenforce  0 
sed -i "s/^SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=disabled/g" /etc/sysconfig/selinux 
sed -i "s/^SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=disabled/g" /etc/selinux/config 
sed -i "s/^SELINUX=permissive/SELINUX=disabled/g" /etc/sysconfig/selinux 
sed -i "s/^SELINUX=permissive/SELINUX=disabled/g" /etc/selinux/config  

modprobe br_netfilter
cat <<EOF >  /etc/sysctl.d/k8s.conf
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 1
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 1
EOF
sysctl -p /etc/sysctl.d/k8s.conf
ls /proc/sys/net/bridge

cat <<EOF > /etc/yum.repos.d/kubernetes.repo
[kubernetes]
name=Kubernetes
baseurl=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/repos/kubernetes-el7-x86_64/
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/doc/yum-key.gpg https://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/doc/rpm-package-key.gpg
EOF

yum install -y epel-release
yum install -y yum-utils device-mapper-persistent-data lvm2 net-tools conntrack-tools wget vim  ntpdate libseccomp libtool-ltdl 

systemctl enable ntpdate.service
echo '*/30 * * * * /usr/sbin/ntpdate time7.aliyun.com >/dev/null 2>&1' > /tmp/crontab2.tmp
crontab /tmp/crontab2.tmp
systemctl start ntpdate.service
 
echo "* soft nofile 65536" >> /etc/security/limits.conf
echo "* hard nofile 65536" >> /etc/security/limits.conf
echo "* soft nproc 65536"  >> /etc/security/limits.conf
echo "* hard nproc 65536"  >> /etc/security/limits.conf
echo "* soft  memlock  unlimited"  >> /etc/security/limits.conf
echo "* hard memlock  unlimited"  >> /etc/security/limits.conf

2:安装、配置keepalived(主节点)

1:安装keepalived

yum install -y keepalived
systemctl enable keepalived

node01的keepalived.conf

cat <<EOF > /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf
global_defs {
   router_id LVS_k8s
}

vrrp_script CheckK8sMaster {
    script "curl -k https://192.168.150.186:6443"
    interval 3
    timeout 9
    fall 2
    rise 2
}

vrrp_instance VI_1 {
    state MASTER
    interface ens160
    virtual_router_id 61
    priority 100
    advert_int 1
    mcast_src_ip 192.168.150.181
    nopreempt
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass sqP05dQgMSlzrxHj
    }
    unicast_peer {
        192.168.150.182
        192.168.150.183
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        192.168.150.186/24
    }
    track_script {
        CheckK8sMaster
    }

}
EOF

node02的keepalived.conf

cat <<EOF > /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf
global_defs {
   router_id LVS_k8s
}

global_defs {
   router_id LVS_k8s
}

vrrp_script CheckK8sMaster {
    script "curl -k https://192.168.150.186:6443"
    interval 3
    timeout 9
    fall 2
    rise 2
}

vrrp_instance VI_1 {
    state BACKUP
    interface ens160
    virtual_router_id 61
    priority 90
    advert_int 1
    mcast_src_ip 192.168.150.182
    nopreempt
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass sqP05dQgMSlzrxHj
    }
    unicast_peer {
        192.168.150.181
        192.168.150.183
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        192.168.150.186/24
    }
    track_script {
        CheckK8sMaster
    }

}
EOF

node03的keepalived.conf

cat <<EOF > /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf
global_defs {
   router_id LVS_k8s
}

global_defs {
   router_id LVS_k8s
}

vrrp_script CheckK8sMaster {
    script "curl -k https://192.168.150.186:6443"
    interval 3
    timeout 9
    fall 2
    rise 2
}

vrrp_instance VI_1 {
    state BACKUP
    interface ens160
    virtual_router_id 61
    priority 80
    advert_int 1
    mcast_src_ip 192.168.150.183
    nopreempt
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass sqP05dQgMSlzrxHj
    }
    unicast_peer {
        192.168.150.181
        192.168.150.182
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        192.168.150.186/24
    }
    track_script {
        CheckK8sMaster
    }

}
EOF

2:启动keepalived

systemctl restart keepalived

可以看到VIP已经绑定到node01上面了

ens160: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc mq state UP qlen 1000
    link/ether 00:50:56:b2:09:6a brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 192.168.150.181/24 brd 192.168.150.255 scope global ens160
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet 192.168.150.186/24 scope global secondary ens160
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 fe80::e3d1:55df:2f64:8571/64 scope link 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

3:创建etcd证书(node01上执行即可)

1:设置cfssl环境

wget https://pkg.cfssl.org/R1.2/cfssl_linux-amd64
wget https://pkg.cfssl.org/R1.2/cfssljson_linux-amd64
wget https://pkg.cfssl.org/R1.2/cfssl-certinfo_linux-amd64
chmod +x cfssl_linux-amd64
mv cfssl_linux-amd64 /usr/local/bin/cfssl
chmod +x cfssljson_linux-amd64
mv cfssljson_linux-amd64 /usr/local/bin/cfssljson
chmod +x cfssl-certinfo_linux-amd64
mv cfssl-certinfo_linux-amd64 /usr/local/bin/cfssl-certinfo
export PATH=/usr/local/bin:$PATH

2:创建 CA 配置文件(下面配置的IP为etc节点的IP)

mkdir /root/ssl
cd /root/ssl
cat >  ca-config.json <<EOF
{
"signing": {
"default": {
  "expiry": "8760h"
},
"profiles": {
  "kubernetes-Soulmate": {
    "usages": [
        "signing",
        "key encipherment",
        "server auth",
        "client auth"
    ],
    "expiry": "8760h"
  }
}
}
}
EOF

cat >  ca-csr.json <<EOF
{
"CN": "kubernetes-Soulmate",
"key": {
"algo": "rsa",
"size": 2048
},
"names": [
{
  "C": "CN",
  "ST": "shanghai",
  "L": "shanghai",
  "O": "k8s",
  "OU": "System"
}
]
}
EOF

cfssl gencert -initca ca-csr.json | cfssljson -bare ca

cat > etcd-csr.json <<EOF
{
  "CN": "etcd",
  "hosts": [
    "127.0.0.1",
    "192.168.150.181",
    "192.168.150.182",
    "192.168.150.183"
  ],
  "key": {
    "algo": "rsa",
    "size": 2048
  },
  "names": [
    {
      "C": "CN",
      "ST": "shanghai",
      "L": "shanghai",
      "O": "k8s",
      "OU": "System"
    }
  ]
}
EOF

cfssl gencert -ca=ca.pem \
  -ca-key=ca-key.pem \
  -config=ca-config.json \
  -profile=kubernetes-Soulmate etcd-csr.json | cfssljson -bare etcd
  

3:node01分发etcd证书到node02、node03上面

mkdir -p /etc/etcd/ssl
cp etcd.pem etcd-key.pem ca.pem /etc/etcd/ssl/
ssh -n node02 "mkdir -p /etc/etcd/ssl && exit"
ssh -n node03 "mkdir -p /etc/etcd/ssl && exit"
scp -r /etc/etcd/ssl/*.pem node02:/etc/etcd/ssl/
scp -r /etc/etcd/ssl/*.pem node03:/etc/etcd/ssl/

4:安装配置etcd (三主节点)

1:安装etcd

yum install etcd -y
mkdir -p /var/lib/etcd

node01的etcd.service

cat <<EOF >/etc/systemd/system/etcd.service
[Unit]
Description=Etcd Server
After=network.target
After=network-online.target
Wants=network-online.target
Documentation=https://github.com/coreos

[Service]
Type=notify
WorkingDirectory=/var/lib/etcd/
ExecStart=/usr/bin/etcd \
  --name node01 \
  --cert-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd.pem \
  --key-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-key.pem \
  --peer-cert-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd.pem \
  --peer-key-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-key.pem \
  --trusted-ca-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/ca.pem \
  --peer-trusted-ca-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/ca.pem \
  --initial-advertise-peer-urls https://192.168.150.181:2380 \
  --listen-peer-urls https://192.168.150.181:2380 \
  --listen-client-urls https://192.168.150.181:2379,http://127.0.0.1:2379 \
  --advertise-client-urls https://192.168.150.181:2379 \
  --initial-cluster-token etcd-cluster-0 \
  --initial-cluster node01=https://192.168.150.181:2380,node02=https://192.168.150.182:2380,node03=https://192.168.150.183:2380 \
  --initial-cluster-state new \
  --data-dir=/var/lib/etcd
Restart=on-failure
RestartSec=5
LimitNOFILE=65536

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
EOF

node02的etcd.service

cat <<EOF >/etc/systemd/system/etcd.service
[Unit]
Description=Etcd Server
After=network.target
After=network-online.target
Wants=network-online.target
Documentation=https://github.com/coreos

[Service]
Type=notify
WorkingDirectory=/var/lib/etcd/
ExecStart=/usr/bin/etcd \
  --name node02 \
  --cert-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd.pem \
  --key-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-key.pem \
  --peer-cert-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd.pem \
  --peer-key-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-key.pem \
  --trusted-ca-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/ca.pem \
  --peer-trusted-ca-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/ca.pem \
  --initial-advertise-peer-urls https://192.168.150.182:2380 \
  --listen-peer-urls https://192.168.150.182:2380 \
  --listen-client-urls https://192.168.150.182:2379,http://127.0.0.1:2379 \
  --advertise-client-urls https://192.168.150.182:2379 \
  --initial-cluster-token etcd-cluster-0 \
  --initial-cluster node01=https://192.168.150.181:2380,node02=https://192.168.150.182:2380,node03=https://192.168.150.183:2380 \
  --initial-cluster-state new \
  --data-dir=/var/lib/etcd
Restart=on-failure
RestartSec=5
LimitNOFILE=65536

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
EOF

node03的etcd.service

cat <<EOF >/etc/systemd/system/etcd.service
[Unit]
Description=Etcd Server
After=network.target
After=network-online.target
Wants=network-online.target
Documentation=https://github.com/coreos

[Service]
Type=notify
WorkingDirectory=/var/lib/etcd/
ExecStart=/usr/bin/etcd \
  --name node03 \
  --cert-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd.pem \
  --key-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-key.pem \
  --peer-cert-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd.pem \
  --peer-key-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-key.pem \
  --trusted-ca-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/ca.pem \
  --peer-trusted-ca-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/ca.pem \
  --initial-advertise-peer-urls https://192.168.150.183:2380 \
  --listen-peer-urls https://192.168.150.183:2380 \
  --listen-client-urls https://192.168.150.183:2379,http://127.0.0.1:2379 \
  --advertise-client-urls https://192.168.150.183:2379 \
  --initial-cluster-token etcd-cluster-0 \
--initial-cluster node01=https://192.168.150.181:2380,node02=https://192.168.150.182:2380,node03=https://192.168.150.183:2380 \
  --initial-cluster-state new \
  --data-dir=/var/lib/etcd
Restart=on-failure
RestartSec=5
LimitNOFILE=65536

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
EOF

2:添加自启动(etc集群最少2个节点才能启动,启动报错看mesages日志)

 mv etcd.service /usr/lib/systemd/system/
 systemctl daemon-reload
 systemctl enable etcd
 systemctl start etcd
 systemctl status etcd

3:在三个etcd节点执行一下命令检查

etcdctl --endpoints=https://192.168.150.181:2379,https://192.168.150.182:2379,https://192.168.150.183:2379 \
  --ca-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/ca.pem \
  --cert-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd.pem \
  --key-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-key.pem  cluster-health

5:所有节点安装配置docker

1:安装docker(kubeadm目前支持docker最高版本是17.03.x)

yum install https://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/7/x86_64/stable/Packages/docker-ce-selinux-17.03.2.ce-1.el7.centos.noarch.rpm  -y
yum install https://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/7/x86_64/stable/Packages/docker-ce-17.03.2.ce-1.el7.centos.x86_64.rpm  -y

修改配置文件 vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/docker.service

ExecStart=/usr/bin/dockerd   -H tcp://0.0.0.0:2375 -H unix:///var/run/docker.sock  --registry-mirror=https://ms3cfraz.mirror.aliyuncs.com

启动docker

systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl restart docker
systemctl enable docker
systemctl status docker

 

6: 安装、配置kubeadm

 

1:所有节点安装kubelet kubeadm kubectl

 

yum install -y kubelet kubeadm kubectl
systemctl enable kubelet 

 

2: 所有节点修改kubelet配置文件

 

/etc/systemd/system/kubelet.service.d/10-kubeadm.conf

 

#修改这一行
Environment="KUBELET_CGROUP_ARGS=--cgroup-driver=cgroupfs"
#添加这一行
Environment="KUBELET_EXTRA_ARGS=--v=2 --fail-swap-on=false --pod-infra-container-image=registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/k8sth/pause-amd64:3.0"

 

3:所有节点修改完配置文件一定要重新加载配置

 

systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl enable kubelet

 

4: 命令补全

 

yum install -y bash-completion
source /usr/share/bash-completion/bash_completion
source <(kubectl completion bash)
echo "source <(kubectl completion bash)" >> ~/.bashrc

 

7:初始化集群

 

1:node01、node02、node03添加集群初始配置文件(集群配置文件一样)

 

cat <<EOF > config.yaml 
apiVersion: kubeadm.k8s.io/v1alpha1
kind: MasterConfiguration
etcd:
  endpoints:
  - https://192.168.150.181:2379
  - https://192.168.150.182:2379
  - https://192.168.150.183:2379
  caFile: /etc/etcd/ssl/ca.pem
  certFile: /etc/etcd/ssl/etcd.pem
  keyFile: /etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-key.pem
  dataDir: /var/lib/etcd
networking:
  podSubnet: 10.244.0.0/16
kubernetesVersion: 1.10.0
api:
  advertiseAddress: "192.168.150.186"
token: "b99a00.a144ef80536d4344"
tokenTTL: "0s"
apiServerCertSANs:
- node01
- node02
- node03
- 192.168.150.181
- 192.168.150.182
- 192.168.150.183
- 192.168.150.184
- 192.168.150.186
featureGates:
  CoreDNS: true
imageRepository: "registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/k8sth"
EOF

 

2:首先node01初始化集群

 

配置文件定义podnetwork是10.244.0.0/16

 

kubeadmin init –hlep可以看出,service默认网段是10.96.0.0/12

 

/etc/systemd/system/kubelet.service.d/10-kubeadm.conf默认dns地址cluster-dns=10.96.0.10

 

kubeadm init --config config.yaml 

 

初始化失败后处理办法

 

kubeadm reset
#或
rm -rf /etc/kubernetes/*.conf
rm -rf /etc/kubernetes/manifests/*.yaml
docker ps -a |awk '{print $1}' |xargs docker rm -f
systemctl  stop kubelet

 

初始化正常的结果如下

 

Your Kubernetes master has initialized successfully!

To start using your cluster, you need to run the following as a regular user:

  mkdir -p $HOME/.kube
  sudo cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config
  sudo chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config

You should now deploy a pod network to the cluster.
Run "kubectl apply -f [podnetwork].yaml" with one of the options listed at:
  https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/cluster-administration/addons/

You can now join any number of machines by running the following on each node
as root:

kubeadm join 192.168.150.186:6443 --token b99a00.a144ef80536d4344 --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:f79b68fb698c92b9336474eb3bf184e847f967dc58a6296911892662b98b1315

 

3:node01上面执行如下命令

 

  mkdir -p $HOME/.kube
  sudo cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config
  sudo chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config

 

4:kubeadm生成证书密码文件分发到node02和node03上面去

 

scp -r /etc/kubernetes/pki  node03:/etc/kubernetes/
scp -r /etc/kubernetes/pki  node02:/etc/kubernetes/

 

5:部署flannel网络,只需要在node01执行就行

 

wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/coreos/flannel/master/Documentation/kube-flannel.yml
#版本信息:quay.io/coreos/flannel:v0.10.0-amd64

kubectl create -f  kube-flannel.yml

 

执行命令

 

[root@node01 ~]# kubectl   get node
NAME      STATUS    ROLES     AGE       VERSION
node01    Ready     master    31m       v1.10.0

 

[root@node01 ~]# kubectl   get pods --all-namespaces
NAMESPACE     NAME                             READY     STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
kube-system   coredns-7997f8864c-4x7mg         1/1       Running   0          29m
kube-system   coredns-7997f8864c-zfcck         1/1       Running   0          29m
kube-system   kube-apiserver-node01            1/1       Running   0          29m
kube-system   kube-controller-manager-node01   1/1       Running   0          30m
kube-system   kube-flannel-ds-hw2xb            1/1       Running   0          1m
kube-system   kube-proxy-s265b                 1/1       Running   0          29m
kube-system   kube-scheduler-node01            1/1       Running   0          30m

 

6:部署dashboard

 

kubectl create -f kubernetes-dashboard.yaml

 

获取token,通过令牌登陆

 

 kubectl -n kube-system describe secret $(kubectl -n kube-system get secret | grep admin-user | awk '{print $1}')

 

通过firefox访问dashboard,输入token,即可登陆

 

https://192.168.150.181:30000/#!/login

 

kubernetes-dashboard.yaml文件内容如下

 

# Copyright 2017 The Kubernetes Authors.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.

# Configuration to deploy release version of the Dashboard UI compatible with
# Kubernetes 1.8.
#
# Example usage: kubectl create -f <this_file>

# ------------------- Dashboard Secret ------------------- #

apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: kubernetes-dashboard
  name: kubernetes-dashboard-certs
  namespace: kube-system
type: Opaque

---
# ------------------- Dashboard Service Account ------------------- #

apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: kubernetes-dashboard
  name: kubernetes-dashboard
  namespace: kube-system

---
# ------------------- Dashboard Role & Role Binding ------------------- #

kind: Role
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: kubernetes-dashboard-minimal
  namespace: kube-system
rules:
  # Allow Dashboard to create 'kubernetes-dashboard-key-holder' secret.
- apiGroups: [""]
  resources: ["secrets"]
  verbs: ["create"]
  # Allow Dashboard to create 'kubernetes-dashboard-settings' config map.
- apiGroups: [""]
  resources: ["configmaps"]
  verbs: ["create"]
  # Allow Dashboard to get, update and delete Dashboard exclusive secrets.
- apiGroups: [""]
  resources: ["secrets"]
  resourceNames: ["kubernetes-dashboard-key-holder", "kubernetes-dashboard-certs"]
  verbs: ["get", "update", "delete"]
  # Allow Dashboard to get and update 'kubernetes-dashboard-settings' config map.
- apiGroups: [""]
  resources: ["configmaps"]
  resourceNames: ["kubernetes-dashboard-settings"]
  verbs: ["get", "update"]
  # Allow Dashboard to get metrics from heapster.
- apiGroups: [""]
  resources: ["services"]
  resourceNames: ["heapster"]
  verbs: ["proxy"]
- apiGroups: [""]
  resources: ["services/proxy"]
  resourceNames: ["heapster", "http:heapster:", "https:heapster:"]
  verbs: ["get"]

---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: RoleBinding
metadata:
  name: kubernetes-dashboard-minimal
  namespace: kube-system
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: Role
  name: kubernetes-dashboard-minimal
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: kubernetes-dashboard
  namespace: kube-system

---
# ------------------- Dashboard Deployment ------------------- #

kind: Deployment
apiVersion: apps/v1beta2
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: kubernetes-dashboard
  name: kubernetes-dashboard
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  replicas: 1
  revisionHistoryLimit: 10
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      k8s-app: kubernetes-dashboard
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        k8s-app: kubernetes-dashboard
    spec:
      nodeSelector:
        node-role.kubernetes.io/master: ""
      containers:
      - name: kubernetes-dashboard
        image: registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/k8sth/kubernetes-dashboard-amd64:v1.8.3
        ports:
        - containerPort: 8443
          protocol: TCP
        args:
          - --auto-generate-certificates
          # Uncomment the following line to manually specify Kubernetes API server Host
          # If not specified, Dashboard will attempt to auto discover the API server and connect
          # to it. Uncomment only if the default does not work.
          # - --apiserver-host=http://my-address:port
        volumeMounts:
        - name: kubernetes-dashboard-certs
          mountPath: /certs
          # Create on-disk volume to store exec logs
        - mountPath: /tmp
          name: tmp-volume
        livenessProbe:
          httpGet:
            scheme: HTTPS
            path: /
            port: 8443
          initialDelaySeconds: 30
          timeoutSeconds: 30
      volumes:
      - name: kubernetes-dashboard-certs
        secret:
          secretName: kubernetes-dashboard-certs
      - name: tmp-volume
        emptyDir: {}
      serviceAccountName: kubernetes-dashboard
      # Comment the following tolerations if Dashboard must not be deployed on master
      tolerations:
      - key: node-role.kubernetes.io/master
        effect: NoSchedule

---
# ------------------- Dashboard Service ------------------- #

kind: Service
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: kubernetes-dashboard
  name: kubernetes-dashboard
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  type: NodePort
  ports:
    - port: 443
      targetPort: 8443
      nodePort: 30000
  selector:
    k8s-app: kubernetes-dashboard

---
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: admin-user
  namespace: kube-system

---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: admin-user
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: cluster-admin
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: admin-user
  namespace: kube-system

 

7:安装heapster

 

[root@node01 ~]# kubectl create -f kube-heapster/influxdb/
deployment.extensions "monitoring-grafana" created
service "monitoring-grafana" created
serviceaccount "heapster" created
deployment.extensions "heapster" created
service "heapster" created
deployment.extensions "monitoring-influxdb" created
service "monitoring-influxdb" created
[root@node01 ~]#  kubectl create -f kube-heapster/rbac/
clusterrolebinding.rbac.authorization.k8s.io "heapster" created
[root@node01 ~]# kubectl get pods --all-namespaces
NAMESPACE     NAME                                    READY     STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
kube-system   coredns-7997f8864c-4x7mg                1/1       Running   0          1h
kube-system   coredns-7997f8864c-zfcck                1/1       Running   0          1h
kube-system   heapster-647b89cd4b-wmvmw               1/1       Running   0          39s
kube-system   kube-apiserver-node01                   1/1       Running   0          1h
kube-system   kube-controller-manager-node01          1/1       Running   0          1h
kube-system   kube-flannel-ds-hw2xb                   1/1       Running   0          49m
kube-system   kube-proxy-s265b                        1/1       Running   0          1h
kube-system   kube-scheduler-node01                   1/1       Running   0          1h
kube-system   kubernetes-dashboard-7b44ff9b77-26fkj   1/1       Running   0          44m
kube-system   monitoring-grafana-74bdd98b7d-szvqg     1/1       Running   0          40s
kube-system   monitoring-influxdb-55bbd4b96-95tw7     1/1       Running   0          40s

 

访问https://192.168.150.181:30000/#!/login即可看到监控信息

 

heapster文件信息

 

[root@node01 ~]# tree kube-heapster/
kube-heapster/
├── influxdb
│   ├── grafana.yaml
│   ├── heapster.yaml
│   └── influxdb.yaml
└── rbac
    └── heapster-rbac.yaml

 

grafana.yaml

 

apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: monitoring-grafana
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  replicas: 1
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        task: monitoring
        k8s-app: grafana
    spec:
      nodeSelector:
        node-role.kubernetes.io/master: ""
      containers:
      - name: grafana
        image: registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/k8sth/heapster-grafana-amd64:v4.4.3
        imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
        ports:
        - containerPort: 3000
          protocol: TCP
        volumeMounts:
        - mountPath: /etc/ssl/certs
          name: ca-certificates
          readOnly: true
        - mountPath: /var
          name: grafana-storage
        env:
        - name: INFLUXDB_HOST
          value: monitoring-influxdb
        - name: GF_SERVER_HTTP_PORT
          value: "3000"
          # The following env variables are required to make Grafana accessible via
          # the kubernetes api-server proxy. On production clusters, we recommend
          # removing these env variables, setup auth for grafana, and expose the grafana
          # service using a LoadBalancer or a public IP.
        - name: GF_AUTH_BASIC_ENABLED
          value: "false"
        - name: GF_AUTH_ANONYMOUS_ENABLED
          value: "true"
        - name: GF_AUTH_ANONYMOUS_ORG_ROLE
          value: Admin
        - name: GF_SERVER_ROOT_URL
          # If you're only using the API Server proxy, set this value instead:
          # value: /api/v1/namespaces/kube-system/services/monitoring-grafana/proxy
          value: /
      volumes:
      - name: ca-certificates
        hostPath:
          path: /etc/ssl/certs
      - name: grafana-storage
        emptyDir: {}
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  labels:
    # For use as a Cluster add-on (https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes/tree/master/cluster/addons)
    # If you are NOT using this as an addon, you should comment out this line.
    kubernetes.io/cluster-service: 'true'
    kubernetes.io/name: monitoring-grafana
  name: monitoring-grafana
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  # In a production setup, we recommend accessing Grafana through an external Loadbalancer
  # or through a public IP.
  # type: LoadBalancer
  # You could also use NodePort to expose the service at a randomly-generated port
  # type: NodePort
  ports:
  - port: 80
    targetPort: 3000
  selector:
    k8s-app: grafana

 

heapster.yaml

 

apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: heapster
  namespace: kube-system
---
apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: heapster
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  replicas: 1
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        task: monitoring
        k8s-app: heapster
    spec:
      serviceAccountName: heapster
      nodeSelector:
        node-role.kubernetes.io/master: ""
      containers:
      - name: heapster
        image: registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/k8sth/heapster-amd64:v1.4.2
        imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
        command:
        - /heapster
        - --source=kubernetes:https://kubernetes.default
        - --sink=influxdb:http://monitoring-influxdb.kube-system.svc:8086
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  labels:
    task: monitoring
    # For use as a Cluster add-on (https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes/tree/master/cluster/addons)
    # If you are NOT using this as an addon, you should comment out this line.
    kubernetes.io/cluster-service: 'true'
    kubernetes.io/name: Heapster
  name: heapster
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  ports:
  - port: 80
    targetPort: 8082
  selector:
    k8s-app: heapster

 

influxdb.yaml

 

apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: monitoring-influxdb
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  replicas: 1
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        task: monitoring
        k8s-app: influxdb
    spec:
      nodeSelector:
        node-role.kubernetes.io/master: ""
      containers:
      - name: influxdb
        image: registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/k8sth/heapster-influxdb-amd64:v1.3.3
        imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
        volumeMounts:
        - mountPath: /data
          name: influxdb-storage
      volumes:
      - name: influxdb-storage
        emptyDir: {}
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  labels:
    task: monitoring
    # For use as a Cluster add-on (https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes/tree/master/cluster/addons)
    # If you are NOT using this as an addon, you should comment out this line.
    kubernetes.io/cluster-service: 'true'
    kubernetes.io/name: monitoring-influxdb
  name: monitoring-influxdb
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  ports:
  - port: 8086
    targetPort: 8086
  selector:
    k8s-app: influxdb

 

heapster-rbac.yaml

 

kind: ClusterRoleBinding
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
metadata:
  name: heapster
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: system:heapster
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: heapster
  namespace: kube-system

 

9:在node02和node03上面分别执行初始化

 

kubeadm init --config config.yaml
#初始化的结果和node01的结果完全一样
mkdir -p $HOME/.kube
sudo cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config
sudo chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config

 

10:查看节点信息

 

[root@node01 ~]# kubectl get nodes
NAME      STATUS    ROLES     AGE       VERSION
node01    Ready     master    1h        v1.10.0
node02    Ready     master    1h        v1.10.0
node03    Ready     master    1h        v1.10.0

 

[root@node01 ~]# kubectl get pods --all-namespaces -o wide
NAMESPACE     NAME                             READY     STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE       IP                NODE
kube-system   coredns-7997f8864c-lwtfl         1/1       Running   0          1h        10.244.2.2        node03
kube-system   coredns-7997f8864c-q2z9d         1/1       Running   0          1h        10.244.2.3        node03
kube-system   kube-apiserver-node01            1/1       Running   0          36m       192.168.150.181   node01
kube-system   kube-apiserver-node02            1/1       Running   0          36m       192.168.150.182   node02
kube-system   kube-apiserver-node03            1/1       Running   0          1h        192.168.150.183   node03
kube-system   kube-controller-manager-node01   1/1       Running   0          36m       192.168.150.181   node01
kube-system   kube-controller-manager-node02   1/1       Running   0          36m       192.168.150.182   node02
kube-system   kube-controller-manager-node03   1/1       Running   0          1h        192.168.150.183   node03
kube-system   kube-flannel-ds-2xrbm            1/1       Running   0          40m       192.168.150.181   node01
kube-system   kube-flannel-ds-7gf89            1/1       Running   0          40m       192.168.150.182   node02
kube-system   kube-flannel-ds-fmk5z            1/1       Running   0          40m       192.168.150.183   node03
kube-system   kube-proxy-dj4c7                 1/1       Running   0          1h        192.168.150.181   node01
kube-system   kube-proxy-lsg47                 1/1       Running   0          1h        192.168.150.183   node03
kube-system   kube-proxy-s5wrf                 1/1       Running   0          1h        192.168.150.182   node02
kube-system   kube-scheduler-node01            1/1       Running   0          36m       192.168.150.181   node01
kube-system   kube-scheduler-node02            1/1       Running   0          36m       192.168.150.182   node02
kube-system   kube-scheduler-node03            1/1       Running   0          1h        192.168.150.183   node03

 

11:让master也运行pod(默认master不运行pod)

 

kubectl taint nodes --all node-role.kubernetes.io/master-

 

八:添加node04节点到集群

 

在node04节点执行如下命令,即可将节点添加进集群

 

kubeadm join 192.168.150.186:6443 --token b99a00.a144ef80536d4344 --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:f79b68fb698c92b9336474eb3bf184e847f967dc58a6296911892662b98b1315

 

[root@node01 ~]# kubectl get node
NAME      STATUS    ROLES     AGE       VERSION
node01    Ready     master    45m       v1.10.0
node02    Ready     master    15m       v1.10.0
node03    Ready     master    14m       v1.10.0
node04    Ready     <none>    13m       v1.10.0


参考文档:https://github.com/cookeem/kubeadm-ha/blob/master/README_CN.md