Kubernetes中文文档

名词解释:PodPreset

PodPreset

PodPreset用来给指定标签的Pod注入额外的信息,如环境变量、存储卷等。这样,Pod模板就不需要为每个Pod都显式设置重复的信息。

开启PodPreset

  • 开启API settings.k8s.io/v1alpha1/podpreset
  • 开启准入控制 PodPreset

示例

增加环境变量和存储卷的PodPreset

kind: PodPreset
apiVersion: settings.k8s.io/v1alpha1
metadata:
  name: allow-database
  namespace: myns
spec:
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      role: frontend
  env:
    - name: DB_PORT
      value: "6379"
  volumeMounts:
    - mountPath: /cache
      name: cache-volume
  volumes:
    - name: cache-volume
      emptyDir: {}

用户提交Pod

apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: website
  labels:
    app: website
    role: frontend
spec:
  containers:
    - name: website
      image: ecorp/website
      ports:
        - containerPort: 80

经过准入控制PodPreset后,Pod会自动增加环境变量和存储卷

apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: website
  labels:
    app: website
    role: frontend
  annotations:
    podpreset.admission.kubernetes.io/allow-database: "resource version"
spec:
  containers:
    - name: website
      image: ecorp/website
      volumeMounts:
        - mountPath: /cache
          name: cache-volume
      ports:
        - containerPort: 80
      env:
        - name: DB_PORT
          value: "6379"
  volumes:
    - name: cache-volume
      emptyDir: {}

ConfigMap示例

ConfigMap

apiVersion: v1
kind: ConfigMap
metadata:
  name: etcd-env-config
data:
  number_of_members: "1"
  initial_cluster_state: new
  initial_cluster_token: DUMMY_ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER_TOKEN
  discovery_token: DUMMY_ETCD_DISCOVERY_TOKEN
  discovery_url: http://etcd_discovery:2379
  etcdctl_peers: http://etcd:2379
  duplicate_key: FROM_CONFIG_MAP
  REPLACE_ME: "a value"

PodPreset

kind: PodPreset
apiVersion: settings.k8s.io/v1alpha1
metadata:
  name: allow-database
  namespace: myns
spec:
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      role: frontend
  env:
    - name: DB_PORT
      value: 6379
    - name: duplicate_key
      value: FROM_ENV
    - name: expansion
      value: $(REPLACE_ME)
  envFrom:
    - configMapRef:
        name: etcd-env-config
  volumeMounts:
    - mountPath: /cache
      name: cache-volume
    - mountPath: /etc/app/config.json
      readOnly: true
      name: secret-volume
  volumes:
    - name: cache-volume
      emptyDir: {}
    - name: secret-volume
      secretName: config-details

用户提交的Pod

apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: website
  labels:
    app: website
    role: frontend
spec:
  containers:
    - name: website
      image: ecorp/website
      ports:
        - containerPort: 80

经过准入控制 PodPreset后,Pod会自动增加ConfigMap环境变量

apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: website
  labels:
    app: website
    role: frontend
  annotations:
    podpreset.admission.kubernetes.io/allow-database: "resource version"
spec:
  containers:
    - name: website
      image: ecorp/website
      volumeMounts:
        - mountPath: /cache
          name: cache-volume
        - mountPath: /etc/app/config.json
          readOnly: true
          name: secret-volume
      ports:
        - containerPort: 80
      env:
        - name: DB_PORT
          value: "6379"
        - name: duplicate_key
          value: FROM_ENV
        - name: expansion
          value: $(REPLACE_ME)
      envFrom:
        - configMapRef:
          name: etcd-env-config
  volumes:
    - name: cache-volume
      emptyDir: {}
    - name: secret-volume
      secretName: config-details

参考:https://feisky.gitbooks.io/kubernetes/concepts/podpreset.html